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A list of some of the cybercrimes along with their indicative explanation is provided in this article This is to facilitate better reporting of complaints.
(Source: Ministry of Home Affairs)



 Child sexually abusive material (CSAM) refers to material containing sexual image in any form, of a child who is abused or sexually exploited. Section 67 (B) of IT Act states that “it is punishable for publishing or transmitting of material depicting children in sexually explicit act, etc. in electronic form.



Cyber stalking is the use of electronic communication by a person to follow a person, or attempts to contact a person to foster personal interaction repeatedly despite a clear indication of disinterest by such person; or monitors the internet, email or any other form of electronic communication commits the offence of stalking.



Cyber Grooming is when a person builds an online relationship with a young person and tricks or pressures him/ her into doing sexual act.



Online Job Fraud is an attempt to defraud people who are in need of employment by giving them a false hope/ promise of better employment with higher wages.



Online Job Fraud is an attempt to defraud people who are in need of employment by giving them a false hope/ promise of better employment with higher wages.



Online Sextortion occurs when someone threatens to distribute private and sensitive material using an electronic medium if he/ she doesn’t provide images of a sexual nature, sexual favours, or money. 



Vishing is an attempt where fraudsters try to seek personal information like Customer ID, Net Banking password, ATM PIN, OTP, Card expiry date, CVV etc. through a phone call. 



Sexting is an act of sending sexually explicit digital images, videos, text messages, or emails, usually by cell phone.



Smishing is a type of fraud that uses mobile phone text messages to lure victims into calling back on a fraudulent phone number, visiting fraudulent websites or downloading malicious content via phone or web.



SIM Swap Scam occurs when fraudsters manage to get a new SIM card issued against a registered mobile number fraudulently through the mobile service provider. With the help of this new SIM card, they get One Time Password (OTP) and alerts, required for making financial transactions through the victim's bank account. Getting a new SIM card against a registered mobile number fraudulently is known as SIM Swap.



Credit card (or debit card) fraud involves an unauthorized use of another's credit or debit card information for the purpose of purchases or withdrawing funds from it.



 Impersonation and identity theft is an act of fraudulently or dishonestly making use of the electronic signature, password or any other unique identification feature of any other person.



Phishing is a type of fraud that involves stealing personal information such as Customer ID, IPIN, Credit/Debit Card number, Card expiry date, CVV number, etc. through emails that appear to be from a legitimate source.



Spamming occurs when someone receives an unsolicited commercial message sent via email, SMS, MMS and any other similar electronic messaging media. They may try to persuade the recipient to buy a product or service, or visit a website where he can make purchases; or they may attempt to trick him/ her into divulging a bank account or credit card details.



Ransomware is a type of computer malware that encrypts the files, storage media on communication devices like desktops, Laptops, Mobile phones etc., holding data/information as a hostage. The victim is asked to pay the demanded ransom to get his device decrypts.



Computer Virus is a program written to enter your computer and damage/alter your files/data and replicate themselves.

Worms are malicious programs that make copies of themselves again and again on the local drive, network shares, etc.

A Trojan horse is not a virus. It is a destructive program that looks as a genuine application. Unlike viruses, Trojan horses do not replicate themselves but they can be just as destructive. Trojans open a backdoor entry to your computer which gives malicious users/programs access to your system, allowing confidential and personal information to be stolen.



A data breach is an incident in which information is accessed without authorization.



Denial of Services (DoS) attack is an attack intended for denying access to computer resources without permission of the owner or any other person who is in-charge of a computer, computer system or computer network.

A Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack is an attempt to make an online service unavailable by overwhelming it with traffic from multiple sources.



Website Defacement is an attack intended to change the visual appearance of a website and/ or make it dysfunctional. The attacker may post indecent, hostile and obscene images, messages, videos, etc.



Cyber-Squatting is an act of registering, trafficking in, or using a domain name with an intent to profit from the goodwill of a trademark belonging to someone else.



Pharming is a cyber-attack aiming to redirect a website's traffic to another, bogus website.



Crypto jacking is the unauthorized use of computing resources to mine cryptocurrencies.



Online Drug Trafficking is a crime of selling, transporting, or illegally importing unlawful controlled substances, such as heroin, cocaine, marijuana, or other illegal drugs using electronic means.



Espionage is the act or practice of obtaining data and information without the permission and knowledge of the owner. 


India stands third among top 20 cyber-crime victims, says FBI report

(Source: The Indian Express) Published: 23rd February 2020

 The Internet Crime Report for 2019, released by USA’s Internet Crime Complaint Centre (IC3) of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, has revealed that India stands third in the world among top 20 countries that are victims of internet crimes. As per the report, excluding the USA, the UK tops the list with 93,796 victims of internet crimes followed by Canada (3,721) and India (2,901).  

Cyber-crime in India - statistics & facts

(Source: Statista) Published by Sandhya Keelery, Jul 15, 2020 

The twentieth century has brought to reality the idea of a global village, where digital technology has interconnected and enmeshed the world economies, cultures and populations. India is no exception, with over 400 million internet users as of 2018, making it the second-largest internet population in the world. 

While greater connectivity via the world wide web promises large-scale progress, it also leaves our digital societies open to new vulnerabilities. 

Cyber-crimes know no borders and evolve at a pace at par with emerging technologies!